Assessment of operatives’ adherence to health and safety regulations on building construction sites in Ghana. (A case study in Accra)

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The second largest industry in Ghana to the manufacturing industry is construction and it employs a large workforce which most times becomes difficult for the employers to achieve their goals and objectives due to problems of safety of operatives. The construction industry provides the homes we live in, the buildings we work in and the transport infrastructure we rely upon. However, for many operatives and their families and friends, involvement in the construction industry leads to the unimaginable pain and suffering associated with an accidental death or serious injury as a result of not being protected properly. This study aims explores the extent of operatives adherence to health and safety regulations with its objectives being to identify measures in place to enhance adherence as well as health and safety regulations adhered to by operatives. The general methodology of this study relied largely on the survey using questionnaires which were administered to operatives within the construction industry. A thorough literature review was initially conducted by using references from journals, text books, handouts, leaflets, and also browsing of construction websites to be abreast with what other authors think about this study. In total, fifty questionnaires were distributed: forty were collected for the analysis which helped in the Data analyses. The study revealed that several control and preventive measured were being put in place to enhance the adherence by operatives and it is in conformity to the laws provided by the lab our Act 2003(Act 651),Workmen Compensation Act,1987 PNDCL 187 and the Factories ,office and shops 1970. The study therefore recommends several or numerous measures or policies that can be put in place to enhance the adherence by operatives on the construction sites Ghana.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Building Technology, College of Art and Built Environment in partial fulfillment of the requirement for a degree of Master of Science, 2016