An assessment of project schedule management at the Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority

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Developing project plan and schedule is a critical task in the management of any project. The planning obviously requires competent and experienced personnel. Unfortunately, the emerging trends suggest a skill shortage in the area of project planning. Compounding this problem of skills shortage is the limited time experienced project managers have to plan on most projects whereas construction processes are becoming more complex and logistically challenging. To bridge these gaps, this study is designed to achieve this aim; ‘to assess project schedule management at the Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority’ through the achievement of the following objectives; To identify the various techniques, tools and methods used in scheduling projects executed by/for the GPHA, to identify factors that affect project schedule management and to identify the challenges project managers face in the use of project scheduling techniques and methods. It was found that Microsoft Project, PERT, and Critical Path Method are important techniques/tools used in scheduling projects. Project complexity, team experience, task dependencies, deadline, stakeholders, and budget are the most important factors that affect project schedule management. Lack of project management training, role of senior leadership, triple constraints, human or people factors, poor adoption of project are the key challenges of schedule management. Simplifying of project, ensuring good training for project teams, setting project time are recommended by this study as ways of improving on project schedule management.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Masters of Science in Project Management.
project schedule management, Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority