Transformation of juncaceae into varied artifacts: exploring the frontiers of textile art production in Southern Volta

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Juncaceae are swamp tall grass, which is used to weave mat in Southern Volta while in other countries, they are used in diverse ways. Formerly, concerns about sustainable development focus on environmental protection without the culture and identity of the society. The objective of the study is to examine the Juncus materials and improve upon their strength and colour, to produce innovative interior decoration products. Exploration and experiments were used to address the set objective-based conceptual framework adapted from the Engineering Method Steps Model and Art Studio Based Approach. It was identified that very few people were aware of the three (3) different types of Juncus namely Juncus Acutiflorus, Juncus Inflexus, and Juncus Effusus found in the Southern Volta. Moreover, the study found out that harvesting Juncus at the right time and cleaning them before weaving improves upon the strength, colour, ply and weave structure. Dyes and print paste fastness were poor with reactive dye, vat dye, water base print paste, fabric paste, acrilex and acrylic but red and green suede have excellent fastness. Variations in weave structure and sizes resulted in a wide range of products, incorporating kente cloth and Ewe symbols in some of the products. The study identified that the neglect of the Juncus was due to a lack of innovation and awareness in the industry
A thesis submitted to the Department of Industrial Art, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Award Degree of Master of Fine art in textile design Faculty of Art, College of Art and Built Environment Department of Industrial Art.
Transformation of juncaceous, Artifacts, Exploring, Textile art production, Southern Volta